What is brucellosis ?
Brucellosis is a zoonosis caused by ingestion of unpasteurized milk from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions. It is also known as undulant fever, Malta fever, and Mediterranean fever. The bacteria causing this disease, Brucella, are small, Gram-negative, nonmotile, nonspore-forming, rod-shaped (coccobacilli) bacteria. They function as facultative intracellular parasites, causing chronic disease, which usually persists for life.
What are the species that cause brucellosis ?
A total of six classical and seven novel Brucella species have been recognized from a wide spectrum of susceptible hosts. Species affecting terrestrial animals are seven in number including B. abortus, B. melitensis, B. suis, B. ovis, B. canis, B. neotomae and B. microti ; two other species, B. ceti and B. pinnipedialis affect marine mammals . B. papionis isolated from baboons and B. vulpis from red foxes were also added to the list of genus Brucella …
What is Bovine Brucellosis ?
Bovine brucellosis, also known as bovine brucella infection or bovine brucellosis, is a specific form of brucellosis that affects cattle and other bovine species. The disease is caused by the bacterium Brucella abortus, which primarily infects reproductive tissues in cattle. It can lead to significant economic losses in the livestock industry and poses a zoonotic risk, meaning it can be transmitted from animals to humans…
How can be transmitted ?
The primary mode of transmission of bovine brucellosis among cattle is through direct contact with infected animals or contact with contaminated birth products, such as placenta and fluids from aborted fetuses. The bacteria can also spread through the ingestion of contaminated milk or milk products.